Mental Health is complex.
It’s not limited to a single issue.
There is no standard treatment.
It’s different for everyone.
Many of the disorders and health issues overlap. Sometimes one condition can lead to another. For instance an abuse or traumatic event may lead to a variety of anxiety, psychotic, personality, behavioural or addictive conditions.
It’s a cornucopia of mental health conditions and here are some of the main conditions:
- anxiety disorders – phobias, social anxiety, general anxiety, obsessive compulsions, panic disorder, eating disorder
- trauma – post traumatic stress disorder (ptsd), adoption attachment, grief, loss, divorce, pain management, disaster, bullying, child or other abuse
- psychotic disorders – schizophrenia, delusion disorder, catatonia, hallucination and thought disorder
- personality disorders – eccentric, paranoid, anti-social, narcissistic, avoidant behaviour, borderline personality
- behavioural disorders – oppositional defiance, conduct disorder
- developmental disorders – autism spectrum, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (adhd), learning disorders
- addictions – alcohol, drugs, gambling, sex, internet
- medical conditions– alzheimers, dementia, sleep, stroke ,diabetes ,cancer, any disease can lead to a mental health issue
The above list is quite incomplete. It would be impossible to classify an ever growing list and there is much debate among the various global medical communities. The World Health Organization (WHO) classifies them under the International Classification of Diseases (ICD). Mental and behavioural consists of a group of 10 categories with a 250+ page manual. The main categories:
- F0: Organic, including symptomatic, mental disorders
- F1: Mental and behavioural disorders due to use of psychoactive substances
- F2: Schizophrenia, schizotypal and delusional disorders
- F3: Mood [affective] disorders
- F4: Neurotic, stress-related and somatoform disorders
- F5: Behavioural syndromes associated with physiological disturbances and physical factors
- F6: Disorders of personality and behaviour in adult persons
- F7: Mental retardation
- F8: Disorders of psychological development
- F9: Behavioural and emotional disorders with onset usually occurring in childhood and adolescence
- In addition, a group of “unspecified mental disorders”.
That’s hundreds of different sub categories and nuances. As you can see mental health is quite a big area of study. It’s diverse. Mostly I am referring to mood, behaviour and anxiety issues.
Many treatments and the stigma attached to ALL mental health is in-congruent. It needs balance to even up the game for those families and sufferers of a mental disorder.. With your help we can learn more, change the reaction and build support in the mental health community.
World Health Organization (WHO), International Classification of Diseases, http://www.who.int/classifications/icd/en/