depression

the many faces of depression and mood disorders

simply stephen / February 28, 2012

Let’s look deeper look at the many faces of depression and mood disorders.

They take up a small portion of the cornucopia of mental health conditions. Many of the mental health issues above contribute to behaviour and mood issues. There is a direct correlation.

It’s more important to recognize issues, determine treatments, discover cures and end the stigma attached to mental health.

  1. adjustment disorder or situational depression typically characterized by strange behaviour or emotions as a result of an event such as a divorce, re-marriage, death or event that needs “adjusting” to.
  2. agitated depression a major depressive episode that includes tension, racing thoughts and an inability to stay still
  3. atypical or mild depression is a minor form of depression with less symptoms than a major depressive episode. One main difference is that a person will generally improve if a positive event happens.
  4. bipolar (manic) depression a serious illness in which the sufferer experiences extreme mood swings. During the manic phase the person is restless, reckless, talkative, euphoric, powerful but then spirals to a sad, energy less, empty, sleep distraught time.
  5. unipolar (major) depression if a person suffers from 5 or more symptoms of depression for a period of 2 weeks or more. These typically will occur over the course of a lifetime.
  6. Dysthymia a milder form of depression with less symptoms than major depression. Dysthymia typically lasts for several years with an extremely low mood during this period.
  7. severe (melancholic) depression typically the sufferer has many or all symptoms of depression at an extreme scale that last longer than a few weeks.
  8. seasonal affective disorder (sad) a change in mood due to the seasons, attributed to the lack of sunlight and vitamin d in the winter months
  9. anxiety or phobia this covers a lot of ground and is always under debate with a lot of grey area and overlap. It’s not certain if anxiety contributes to depression or the other way round. An anxiety or phobia will cause stress which if left unattended can lead to various mental traumas.

There are also many demographically based depressions specific to adoption,race, sex, children, teenagers, holiday or family related, college stress, midlife, elderly, male, sexual orientation and female specific (premenstrual, pregnancy, postpartum, menopause).

As you can see, depression and mood disorders rear their ugly head in so many ways. Understanding each of them will help ease your pain, end the stigma and create better treatments and results for the future.

Take time to learn about them.

Share your discoveries.

Practice empathy and help change lives.

Someone you know is likely to be suffering from a mental illness…isn’t it time we all pitched in?

sources

All On Depression Help, http://www.all-on-depression-help.com/index.html

WebMD, http://www.webmd.com/default.htm

PsychCentral, http://psychcentral.com/